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Click here to stay informed and know what is happening around the world with our G. Chipko movement, also called Chipko andolan, nonviolent social and ecological movement by rural villagers, particularly women, in India in the 1970s, aimed at protecting trees and forests slated for government-backed logging.The interior roads built for the conflict attracted many foreign-based logging companies that sought access to the region’s vast forest resources.Although the rural villagers depended heavily on the forests for subsistence—both directly, for food and fuel, and indirectly, for services such as water purification and soil stabilization—government policy prevented the villagers from managing the lands and denied them access to the lumber.One of the next major protests occurred in 1974 near the village of Reni, where more than 2,000 trees were scheduled to be felled.Following a large student-led demonstration, the government summoned the men of the surrounding villages to a nearby city for compensation, ostensibly to allow the loggers to proceed without confrontation.
Bahuguna is also known for coining the Chipko slogan 'ecology is permanent economy'."Embrace the trees and Save them from being felled; The property of our hills, Save them from being looted." Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs?
The movement originated in the Himalayan region of Uttar Pradesh (later Uttarakhand) in 1973 and quickly spread throughout the Indian Himalayas.
The Hindi word With the conclusion of the Sino-Indian border conflict in 1963, the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh experienced a growth in development, especially in the rural Himalayan regions.
When industrial logging was linked to the severe monsoon floods that killed more than 200 people in the region in 1970, DGSM became a force of opposition against the large-scale industry.
The first Chipko protest occurred near the village of Mandal in the upper Alaknanda valley in April 1973.
A local environmental movement that began in India in the early 1980s, when a group of village women engaged in direct action to save the forest on which their livelihoods depended by literally hugging the trees in order to prevent deforestation.